Some of the top reasons that students don’t pass courses, based on my experience as a professor, is that they do not read the requirements for the classes or they don’t turn in material on time. If a student really wants to receive an “A”, there are some important things that they must do to achieve this. The following list will help students improve their grades:
- Follow Instructions – Read the instructor’s materials for assignment requirements. Print out a copy of the syllabus and any instructions on the first day of class. Some may post a rubric or a spreadsheet that lists the requirements and the number of possible points allocated for each part of the assignment. Before turning in your assignment, go down the list of requirements and be sure that you have included all of them.
- Cite Correctly – It is best to paraphrase rather than to include large blocks of directly quoted material in your writing. Some professors will not allow any direct quotations. An example of paraphrasing is: Hamilton (2011) stated that paraphrasing was important. An example of a direct quote is: “It is better to paraphrase.” (Hamilton, 2011).
- Submit Original Work – Schools have a tool called TurnItIn to check for plagiarism. Be sure to run your paper through that system (or whatever plagiarism tool the school uses) before submitting papers, to ensure that your work is your own. You can be sure professors will check it if you do not. Keep in mind that citing incorrectly can be viewed as plagiarism. Plagiarism is grounds for being expelled.
- Write in APA – Professors can be very picky about formatting in APA. Most schools use this formatting as compared to MLA or some other format. Click here for some of the most important links to help with APA. When writing in APA, students will need to have their paper include double-spacing, indented paragraphs, proper header information, proper page numbering, proper title and reference page, etc.
- Meet Discussion Requirements – Online colleges have specific writing and posting requirements for classroom discussions. Students often disregard the minimum word count or the fact that the instructor requested cited materials. It is not uncommon for a discussion question to require 150-500 word responses. These responses may also require paraphrased information to show research to back up any points that the student makes. Students may also be required to respond to their fellow classmates’ postings as well. There are usually minimum word count requirements for these responses as well. Discussions should be written in a formal manner. Sentence and paragraph structure should be the same as if a student was writing an essay. Simply agreeing with a fellow classmate’s points will not count for credit.
- Include Strong Sentences and Paragraphs – It is important to write correctly and in a formal manner in online discussions as well as in formal papers. In higher-level courses, first person should not be used. Unless it is an opinion paper and the professor has allowed it, do not refer to yourself in your writing. Don’t write in run-on sentences. Sentences vary in length but should average around 20 words. Keep sentences between around 12-25 words. Paragraphs should also contain complete information. A paragraph should include between 4-8 sentences. Remember to include an introduction and conclusion paragraph.
- Plan Ahead – Many students post late due to not being prepared. There may be an occasional emergency but in general most issues with late postings could be avoided. Write papers early and back them up somewhere other than your main computer. Some students send themselves a copy of their homework so that it is saved on their email server. Computer issues are not considered a valid excuse for late assignments.
- Use Scholarly Sources – Professors often require that students include peer-reviewed scholarly journals as sources for their papers. To find out more about peer-reviewed journals, click here. Students often confuse citations and references. It is not correct to simply list a reference without having a corresponding citation. For help with citations and references, click here.
- Never Copy and Paste – Students often try to copy and paste information into their papers. Not only can this be plagiarism if not cited correctly, it can cause havoc with formatting.
- Always Read Instructor Feedback – I see students submit the same mistakes every week because they will not read the feedback on their papers. If a professor has taken the time to read your paper and give helpful advice, it is important to incorporate those suggestions into future assignments.
For additional help, see The Top Ten Most Common Writing Mistakes and The Top Ten Sources for Help with APA.